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1 2018-04-19 07:46 来源:天龙八部私服
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天龙八部私服 www.tt2yy.com 说话交流是每个人每一天都要进行的事情,可是你关注过自己的嗓音健康吗?4月16日是“世界嗓音日”,旨在提高公众对嗓音健康的认识。本期《大家养生》特邀中国科技大学附属第一医院(安徽省立医院)耳鼻咽喉头颈外科副主任医师陈浩与大家聊一聊如何保养好我们的“第二张面孔”。》》》推荐阅读:春季想要不爆痘不过敏 这些“护肤秘籍”请牢记

大家推介:陈浩,中国科技大学附一院(安徽省立医院)耳鼻咽喉头颈外科副主任医师,擅长各类嗓音疾病诊疗,省内最早开设了嗓音专病门诊,提供嗓音疾病诊疗、嗓音保健等服务,并教授科学的发声方法和发声技巧,目前已开展各类嗓音手术1000余例。

问:简单地给我们介绍一下咽喉部的构成,以及我们是如何发出声音的?

陈浩:喉部最重要的器官就是我们脖子后仰时能够摸到的喉结,就是甲状软骨,我们的声带就在这块骨头的后面,声带是我们发生最重要的器官。当我们说话时,肺部的气体向上运动,声带会产生振动,声音继续向上会在咽部、牙齿、舌头、鼻腔产生共鸣,最终发出每个人都不一样的声音。

有一种说法,嗓音是我们人类的“第二张面孔”,每个人的嗓音都有独特的音质、音调、音色,每个人都不太一样。为什么会这么复杂,就是产生的过程决定了它这种特质。

问:咽喉部常见的疾病有哪些?

陈浩:发声靠声带震动,如果声带震动的频率太快或时间太长,声带就会受到影响。比较常见的疾病是一些炎症类的疾病,如小结、息肉、广泛的水肿、慢性喉炎。这些都是日常最常见的嗓音类的疾病。

问:喉炎、咽炎有哪些具体的表现?

陈浩:喉炎最常见的表现就是不同程度的声音嘶哑,例如夜里唱了卡拉OK喝了冰啤酒,结果第二天嗓子哑了,这就是急性喉炎。还有像老师、营销人员经常需要用嗓子的职业,他的嘶哑是逐渐加重时好时坏的,也是喉炎的表现。

还有的人会感觉说话特别累,因为喉部有炎症导致发音困难,说话时间太长会很费劲。还有的人感觉有嗓子里有粘痰,会经常有清嗓的动作。

咽炎与喉炎是两种不同的病症,咽炎是与喉部相连的咽部产生炎症,咽炎的主要表现是感觉嗓子有东西,咽不下去又吐不出来。

问:咽喉部疾病久治不好会导致其他疾病吗?会转变为癌吗?

陈浩:单纯从炎症性疾病发展为癌症的可能性不是很大,但是前提是要确证声音嘶哑的原因是炎症性疾病。比如一名喜欢抽烟喝酒的中年男性,出现嗓音嘶哑的情况,觉得是喉炎就没有重视,但实际上这很有可能是早期肿瘤,或是喉部发现白斑,早期也是一种炎症性疾病,如果没有及时去处理它,它会一步步变化,最终发展成为早期喉癌甚至是后期喉癌。

所以还是要确证病因,防止是癌前病变,因为没有重视而导致严重后果。

问:有人觉得自己说话声音不好听,或男声女调、女声男调这是什么原因导致的?该怎么办?

陈浩:“娘娘腔”、“公鸭嗓”……这在日常生活中其实比较常见,相比较来说男声女调比女声男调要更为常见一些。

男声女调的形成,可能与男孩子在14、15岁变声期时受到过某种刺激有关,例如他人的嘲笑,或是家长的纠正干扰,孩子受到生理和心理的双重影响,去刻意地纠正自己的发音。其实男声女调是可以通过治疗改变的,首先在症状不是很重的情况下可以通过发声训练,通过改变发声的方式来让声调回归正常男性的腔调。发声训练是最简单也是最有效的方法,但有些人没有太多的时间训练或是训练效果不好,也可以寻求手术方法来解决,手术就是通过改变声带的长短、张力,来改变音调。

女声男调在日常生活中比较少,也可以通过发声训练和手术的方法来治疗,但是要比男声女调要更复杂。

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2018-4-19 09:52

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